Plants: medium-sized, green, yellow-green, or brown-green. Stems: irregularly to sparingly branched; hyalodermis absent, central strand weakly developed; paraphyllia absent; rhizoids or rhizoid initials on stem or abaxial costa insertion, rarely forming tomentum, slightly branched, smooth; axillary hairs well developed and many, or small, delicate, sparse, distal cells hyaline when young. Stem: and branch leaves erect- to wide-spreading, not secund, oblong-lanceolate, not plicate, 2–6 mm; base not decurrent; margins plane, entire or obscurely serrulate, limbidia absent; apex acuminate, acumen plane; costa single, ending 3/5–3/4 leaf length; alar cells differentiated or not, rectangular, enlarged, walls thin, region gradually delimited, not extending up leaf; medial laminal cells linear, 42–117 µm; marginal cells 1-stratose. Sexual: condition autoicous. Capsule: inclined to horizontal, cylindric, curved; peristome perfect; exostome teeth bordered; endostome cilia 1–4, nodulose. Spores: 10–19 µm. Nearly worldwide.
Species 7 (2 in the flora). L. Hedenäs (2003b) included in Leptodictyum only a single, variable species, L. riparium, with L. humile treated in Amblystegium. According to A. Vanderpoorten et al. (2001, 2002b), L. humile should be treated as a member of Hygroamblystegium. From a morphological point of view, there is a continuum between Hygroamblystegium humile and H. tenax, the only actual feature distinguishing the two being the length of the costa, which continuously varies from ceasing at mid leaf to percurrent. The most recent molecular analyses (Vanderpoorten, pers. comm.) suggest that L. riparium falls within a completely unrelated clade together with large Campylium species. Vanderpoorten et al. (2002b) suggested that L. riparium appears more closely related to Campyliadelphus chrysophyllus and Campylium stellatum than to species of Amblystegium. In Leptodictyum, the endostome segments are hyaline and filiform; the spores are minutely papillose.